Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

James S. Dunbar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062686

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062686.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 17 February 2020

Climate Change

Climate Change

(p.121) 4 Climate Change
Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast

James S. Dunbar

University Press of Florida

Climate is a context and a driver of habitat and resource availability. The specter of recent global warming aside, in the eighteenth and twentieth centuries we were accustomed to the relatively steady-state climate and environment of the modern Holocene. In the late Pleistocene, from about 50.0 ka years ago until about 10.3 ka years ago, climate shifted many times from glacial, to profoundly cold Heinrich, to modern warm modes. These climate shifts occurred over durations of hundreds of years and the changes that occurred between temporal points are known as climatic events. Some climate shifts took place on regional levels because of the unique circumstances of the earth’s regional topography. Other events were triggered by ocean-atmosphere interactions on a global scale. The late Pleistocene is recognized as a forty-thousand-year interval of unstable environments shaped by ever-changing climate. We have experienced nothing like it in human history. Counterintuitively, the Southeast Coastal Plain remained relatively warm and inviting, harboring animals intolerant of freezing temperatures. The Southeast was a warm thermal enclave in the late Pleistocene. Incredibly, freeze-intolerant species lived as far north as North Carolina, and, just north of that, full arctic-adapted species occupied Virginia. There appears to have been a thermal blanket in the Southeast, the Gulf Stream, and some type of as yet to be determined climate zonation that fended off freezing temperatures in the Southeast. By the beginning of the Holocene, the climate shifted in a way that we still do not fully understand. The extinction of great numbers of Pleistocene species took place in the Southeast just prior to the Holocene. Human populations, however, survived and adapted.

Keywords:   climate, glacial mode, Heinrich mode, modern mode, climatic events, ocean, atmosphere, interactions, thermal enclave, Gulf Stream, Holocene, Pleistocene

Florida Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .