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Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast$
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James S. Dunbar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062686

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062686.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 25 January 2020

Artifacts and Technology

Artifacts and Technology

(p.187) 6 Artifacts and Technology
Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast

James S. Dunbar

University Press of Florida

Within the contexts examined in previous chapters, chapter 6 considers artifacts and the technology involved in their manufacture. Of particular importance to this discussion is the concept of “mental templates.” Artifact types can be thought of as combinations of favored ways of tool-making. Tool types correspond to particular uses, though some tools in some circumstances may be manufactured with multiple uses in mind. Paleoindian tools were not the result of the maker’s randomly beating on a piece of rock or haphazardly carving a piece of ivory or bone. There were standards for and systems of tool manufacture that aligned with what a culture perceived as the toolset for sustaining itself successfully. This mental template was passed from one generation to the next and modified as necessity dictated. From the perspective of the mental template theory, chapter 6 offers a revised typology for Paleoindian stone, bone, and ivory tools. At the same time, the chapter consider proxy evidence to posit that tools and mechanisms not yet found in the archaeological record did, in all likelihood, exist.

Keywords:   technology, manufacture, methods, mental template, typology, artifacts, types, tools

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