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The Archaeology of Human-Environmental Dynamics on the North American Atlantic Coast$
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Leslie Reeder-Myers, John A. Turck, and Torben C. Rick

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066134

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066134.001.0001

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Sea Ice, Seals, and Settlement

Sea Ice, Seals, and Settlement

On Climate and Culture in Newfoundland and Labrador

Chapter:
(p.16) 2 Sea Ice, Seals, and Settlement
Source:
The Archaeology of Human-Environmental Dynamics on the North American Atlantic Coast
Author(s):

Christopher B. Wolff

Donald H. Holly Jr.

, Leslie Reeder-Myers, John A. Turck, Torben C. Rick

Victor D. Thompson

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813066134.003.0002

The cultural history of Newfoundland and Labrador is linked with the sea. The European occupation of this subarctic region was dependent on the abundance of Atlantic cod and other marine resources, such as seals, walrus, and whales. Precontact indigenous hunter gatherers of the region also relied heavily on marine ecology for their livelihood; yet, at various times in the region’s significant history, dynamic environmental and social conditions acted to change subsistence economies, cultures, and the course of its occupation. In this chapter, we examine archaeological, historical, and paleoecological evidence to assess the relative roles that environmental and social processes played in these critical transformations.

Keywords:   Archaeology, Subarctic, Precontact, Newfoundland and Labrador, Marine Ecology, Marine resources, Hunter gatherers

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