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The Archaeology of Human-Environmental Dynamics on the North American Atlantic Coast$
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Leslie Reeder-Myers, John A. Turck, and Torben C. Rick

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066134

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066134.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 26 July 2021

Coastal Adaptations in North and South Carolina

Coastal Adaptations in North and South Carolina

Chapter:
(p.137) 6 Coastal Adaptations in North and South Carolina
Source:
The Archaeology of Human-Environmental Dynamics on the North American Atlantic Coast
Author(s):

Carolyn D. Dillian

, Leslie Reeder-Myers, John A. Turck, Torben C. Rick

Victor D. Thompson

, Leslie Reeder-Myers, John A. Turck, Torben C. Rick

Victor D. Thompson

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813066134.003.0006

Coastal occupation of North and South Carolina from the Late Archaic through Woodland periods demonstrates intensive use of shellfish, including unique patterns of shell ring construction along the southern coast of South Carolina and smaller middens to the north. Shell middens capture the complexity of the interactions between humans and their surroundings in prehistory, revealing how human action affected the environment. For shellfish specifically, harvest pressure was a selective force on coastal hard clam, Mercenaria mercenaria, and eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, populations, which is just one way in which human–environmental interactions may have permanently altered the ecosystem.

Keywords:   Shell middens, South Carolina, North Carolina, Prehistory, Human–environmental interactions

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