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NASA and the Long Civil Rights Movement$
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Brian C. Odom and Stephen P. Waring

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066202

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066202.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 27 November 2021

The Gates of Opportunity

The Gates of Opportunity

NASA, Black Activism, and Educational Access

Chapter:
(p.206) 10 The Gates of Opportunity
Source:
NASA and the Long Civil Rights Movement
Author(s):

Eric Fenrich

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813066202.003.0011

Eric Fenrich studies the efforts of Black activists and NASA to increase minority educational access that would lead to greater participation in the space program. According to Fenrich, the concurrence of the civil rights movement and the American space program reveal the two primary methods by which the advocates in the modern era have sought to advance the interests of African Americans. First, a negative project: the removal of formal barriers to the exercise of rights, more specifically, ending discriminatory practices in Equal Employment Opportunity and education. Second, more positive efforts, such as equal employment opportunities or affirmative action, that place opportunities within the reach of historically disadvantaged people. Fenrich also examines the fallout over James C. Fletcher’s firing of Ruth Bates Harris.

Keywords:   Civil Rights Movement, Equal Employment Opportunity, NASA, James C. Fletcher, Ruth Bates Harris

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