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Ancient West MexicosTime, Space, and Diversity$
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Joshua D. Englehardt, Verenice Y. Heredia Espinoza, and Christopher S. Beekman

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066349

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066349.001.0001

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Architectural Discourse and Sociocultural Structure at Los Guachimontones, Jalisco

Architectural Discourse and Sociocultural Structure at Los Guachimontones, Jalisco

(p.159) 5 Architectural Discourse and Sociocultural Structure at Los Guachimontones, Jalisco
Ancient West Mexicos

Kimberly Sumano Ortega

Joshua D. Englehardt

University Press of Florida

Despite the importance of Los Guachimontones within the larger Teuchitlán tradition of ancient west Mexico, little is known of its socio-political organization and underlying sociocultural structure. Departing from a dual–processual framework and utilizing spatial analysis, this chapter analyzes variability in the spatial syntax, formal characteristics, and distribution of architectural groups in the nuclear core and Loma Alta sectors of the site. Variability, in terms of differing degrees of openness and/or connectivity, suggests distinct functions of discrete areas within the site, and demonstrates how the socio–structural organization of the groups that occupied Los Guachimontones was negotiated, reflected, and reified in the built environment. Results of a comparison of architecture in these site sectors suggests that discrete physical spaces were utilized in diverse manners as architectural discourse to communicate distinct messages to different social groups, even when the built environment of these sectors presents a high degree of formal homogeneity and contains the same architectonic elements. This chapter thus adds a new analytic axis and alternate framework that provides insight on both architectural variability at Los Guachimontones and the social structures that gave rise to these architectonic configurations.

Keywords:   Los Guachimontones, Teuchitlán tradition, Spatial analysis, Architectural discourse

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