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Ancient West MexicosTime, Space, and Diversity$
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Joshua D. Englehardt, Verenice Y. Heredia Espinoza, and Christopher S. Beekman

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066349

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066349.001.0001

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Cerro de Santiago

Cerro de Santiago

An Epiclassic Site within the World-System of Central-Northern Mexico

Chapter:
(p.269) 8 Cerro de Santiago
Source:
Ancient West Mexicos
Author(s):

M. Nicolás Caretta

Manuel Dueñas García

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813066349.003.0009

In many ways, the state of Aguascalientes in Mexico is unknown territory in terms of understanding its Pre-Hispanic cultures. Recent research at the archaeological site of Cerro de Santiago shows a population with characteristics that link them to their southern neighbors and provides evidence of certain Mesoamerican canons in the creation of their material culture. This chapter draws on data from field surveys and excavations to present diagnostic cultural features and their implications for the dynamics of macro-regional social interaction in Epiclassic Mesoamerica (ca. AD 600–900). These data not only illuminate the Pre-Hispanic occupation of the site, but also augment archaeological understanding of the processes of interaction that took place throughout the expansive north-central border of Greater Mesoamerica involving regional societies at the time. The authors depart from a World Systems Theory, which allows for a more nuanced understanding of regional history, as well as the nature of cultural changes in Late Classic times. The chapter concludes that change during this period was due to an increased economic interaction and a labor reorganization in the different political units that participated in such interactions.

Keywords:   World Systems Theory, Pre-Hispanic cultures, Aguascalientes, Cerro de Santiago, Epiclassic Mesoamerica

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