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Chinese Diaspora Archaeology in North America$
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Chelsea Rose and J. Ryan Kennedy

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066356

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066356.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Exposing Negative Chinese Terminology and Stereotypes

Exposing Negative Chinese Terminology and Stereotypes

(p.83) 4 Exposing Negative Chinese Terminology and Stereotypes
Chinese Diaspora Archaeology in North America

Priscilla Wegars

University Press of Florida

By evaluating unacceptable terminology, as well as by exposing several negative Chinese stereotypes, this essay seeks to prevent the perpetuation of legends, myths, rumors, and stereotypes about the Chinese in the United States, and to provide readers with a deeper, more empathetic, understanding of Chinese American culture. Some of the derogatory terms discussed include “Chinaman,” “coolie,” and “joss house.” Anti-Chinese stereotypes in common use today include “Chinese ovens” for Italian bread-baking ovens and “Chinese tunnels” for sidewalk vaults. A lengthy case study of the latter term examines related architectural evidence, documentary research, oral histories, and archaeological investigations to confirm that “Chinese tunnels” are a myth.

Keywords:   anti-Chinese, Chinese ovens, Chinese tunnels, stereotypes, terminology

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