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Black Panther in ExileThe Pete O'Neal Story$
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Paul J. Magnarella

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066394

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066394.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 24 May 2022

Fleeing to Sweden and Algeria

Fleeing to Sweden and Algeria

(p.103) 6 Fleeing to Sweden and Algeria
Black Panther in Exile

Paul J. Magnarella

University Press of Florida

While on bail, prior to his appeals, Pete and Charlotte O’Neal escaped to Sweden and then to Algiers where Eldridge Cleaver accepted them into the International Section of the Black Panther Party. An American, Elaine Klein, helped Cleaver and the Black Panther Party become recognized by the Algerian government as an anti-colonial movement. Pete describes the organization and activities of the International Section, focusing on its contacts with the embassies of various communist states and non-state revolutionary groups. He explains the reasons for the split in the Party between Huey Newton and Eldridge Cleaver, the latter’s departure from the Party, and Pete’s assumption of the International Section’s leadership role. O’Neal describes the two plane hijackings to Algiers, the resulting frictions between the Panthers and the Algerian government, and the Panthers’ departure from Algeria. Pete also relates the Panthers’ experiences with some visitors, including Timothy Leary.

Keywords:   International Section of the Black Panther Party, Pete O’Neal, Eldridge Cleaver, Algeria, Elaine Klein, Huey Newton, Timothy Leary, plane hijackings

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