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Archaeological InterpretationsSymbolic Meaning within Andes Prehistory$
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Peter Eeckhout

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066448

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066448.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 26 May 2022

Different Shades of Early Shamanism in the Upper Amazon

Different Shades of Early Shamanism in the Upper Amazon

(p.111) 5 Different Shades of Early Shamanism in the Upper Amazon
Archaeological Interpretations
Francisco Valdez
University Press of Florida

Recent archaeological research in the upper Amazon region, on the frontier between Ecuador and Peru, has discovered a new pre-Columbian culture, now known as the Mayo Chinchipe-Marañón society. The most important site that has been studied until now is Santa Ana–La Florida (SALF), located in Palanda (Zamora Chinchipe province, Ecuador), where an Early Formative period ceremonial center has been studied for over a decade. This site has been occupied for over 5000 years. The ceremonial center has an architectural layout centered around a sunken plaza, with two platforms placed at each end on an east-west axis. The eastern platform served as the base of a round structure that contained evidence of ritual activities. Several tombs have been located in the body of the platform. One, however, stands out for its extraordinary paraphernalia, which suggests the presence of a very relevant individual: a shaman.

Keywords:   upper Amazon region, Mayo Chinchipe-Marañón society, sunken plaza

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