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A Revolution in MovementDancers, Painters, and the Image of Modern Mexico$
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K. Mitchell Snow

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066554

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066554.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

The Precursors of Mexicanism

The Precursors of Mexicanism

Anna Pavlova and Tórtola Valencia

(p.55) 3 The Precursors of Mexicanism
A Revolution in Movement

K. Mitchell Snow

University Press of Florida

Charlot and Siqueiros’s condemnation of the effects of Anna Pavlova and Tórtola Valencia on Mexico’s nascent image of itself provided a strong statement on the power these painters ascribed to theatrical dance in the early twentieth century. It also emphasized the role that foreign dancers played from the very beginning in shaping that image and the ongoing tensions over who decided what was “authentically” Mexican. While in Mexico both women took regional folk dances into their repertoires—Pavlova the jarabe tapatío from Jalisco and Valencia the sandunga from Oaxaca—and nurtured the widespread desire to see Mexican dances performed beyond the nation’s borders. The Secretaría de Educación Pública ensured that Mexicans themselves would see these regional dances as representative of the nation as a whole by incorporating them into its school curriculum, teaching generations of Mexicans to perform them as an expression of shared nationality.

Keywords:   Charlot, jarabe tapatío, Anna Pavlova, sandunga, Tortóla Valencia, dance, Mexican, school curriculum

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