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A Revolution in MovementDancers, Painters, and the Image of Modern Mexico$
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K. Mitchell Snow

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066554

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066554.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

The Philosopher as an Artist Writ Large

The Philosopher as an Artist Writ Large

José Vasconcelos, Muralism, and Folk Art

(p.78) 4 The Philosopher as an Artist Writ Large
A Revolution in Movement

K. Mitchell Snow

University Press of Florida

Mexican muralism began as a manifestation of José Vasconcelos’ belief that beautiful environments produced more effective learning. He thought of muralism as decoration and hired his artists for that purpose. That what they created was to be Mexican was a given, but how it was to be Mexican went unspecified. The stained-glass window he commissioned from Roberto Montenegro, unveiled at the outset of the nation’s centennial celebration in 1921, took the jarabe tapatío (Mexican hat dance) as its theme. The commemorative events which followed the window’s unveiling underlined the post-revolutionary government’s intent to separate itself from the French taste associated with the dictatorship it had overthrown. Although the nation’s new leaders may not have had the means to impose a national aesthetic at the time, through its centennial celebration it pronounced itself firmly in favor of folk art as a sign of the national.

Keywords:   Roberto Montenegro, jarabe tapatío, Mexican, stained glass, folk art, national aesthetic, centennial celebration

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