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The Valkyries' LoomThe Archaeology of Cloth Production and Female Power in the North Atlantic$
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Michèle Hayeur Smith

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813066622

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813066622.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Textiles in Greenland during the Medieval Period

Textiles in Greenland during the Medieval Period

(p.70) 4 Textiles in Greenland during the Medieval Period
The Valkyries' Loom

Michèle Hayeur Smith

University Press of Florida

This chapter explores the nature of the Greenlandic cloth that was produced at the same time as the Icelandic material described in Chapter 3 and compares how these two colonies developed their own textile traditions based on different subsistence practices, survival needs, and integration into distant markets. In Greenland cloth recycling was extensively practiced as a response to diminishing flocks of sheep and increased exploitation of marine mammal resources, as the climatic stresses of the Little Ice Age affected the colonies. Further, the admixture and integration of Arctic species into Norse cloth production is evaluated, along with consideration of arguments that Norse textiles and textile production strategies have been recovered from Paleo-Eskimo sites and Ancestral Inuit sites in the Eastern Canadian Arctic.

Keywords:   Greenland, textile production, cloth recycling, Little Ice Age, Norse cloth production, Norse textiles, Inuit

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