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The Citizenship Education Program and Black Women's Political Culture - Florida Scholarship Online
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The Citizenship Education Program and Black Women's Political Culture

Deanna M. Gillespie


This book details how African American women used lessons in basic literacy to crack the foundation of white supremacy and sow seeds for collective action during the civil rights movement. Deanna Gillespie traces the history of the Citizenship Education Program (CEP), a grassroots initiative that taught people to read and write in preparation for literacy tests required for voter registration—a profoundly powerful objective in the Jim Crow South. Born in 1957 as a result of discussions between community activist Esau Jenkins, schoolteacher Septima Clark, and Highlander Folk School director Myl ... More

Keywords: Sea Islands, southeastern Georgia, Mississippi Delta, Alabama’s Black Belt, literacy tests, voter registration, Septima Clark, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Highlander Folk School, Citizenship Education Program

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780813066943
Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2022 DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813066943.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Deanna M. Gillespie, author
University of North Georgia