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Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean$
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Ivan Roksandic

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400028

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400028.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Los Indios de Campeche

Los Indios de Campeche

The Maya Diaspora and the Mesoamerican Presence in Colonial Cuba

(p.207) 12 Los Indios de Campeche
Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean

Jason M. Yaremko

University Press of Florida

From the sixteenth through nineteenth centuries, thousands of indigenous peoples from a spectrum of cultures embarked, voluntarily and involuntarily, on journeys from their homelands in a number of regions in the continental Americas to the European colonies of the Circum-Caribbean. They came as refugees, slaves, diplomats, and traders, and also as indentured laborers and as immigrants. Among the earliest arrivals were the Mayas of Yucatan in the largest island colony in the Caribbean, Cuba. In the course of the next four centuries, Cuba would become the principal destination for what was probably the largest influx of indigenous peoples - especially Mayas, Chichimecas, and other Mesoamerican peoples - from the mainland colonies of New Spain in the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries, and then from the independent republic of Mexico in the nineteenth century. Through the analysis of historical, anthropological, archaeological, and oral evidence, this chapter examines the varied forms of migration, existence, struggles, adaptation, negotiation, and persistence of various Mayan individuals, groups and communities in colonial Cuba, toward an understanding of the dynamic and implications of this indigenous diaspora in the Caribbean. Amerindian passages to Cuba predated the other (African; Chinese) diasporas, eventually intersecting with them through transculturation.

Keywords:   Mayas, Yucatan, Cuba, Chichimecas, Mexico

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