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Simplicity, Equality, and SlaveryAn Archaeology of Quakerism in the British Virgin Islands, 1740-1780$
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John M. Chenoweth

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400110

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400110.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Discipline, Community, and Conformity

Discipline, Community, and Conformity

(p.130) Chapter 6 Discipline, Community, and Conformity
Simplicity, Equality, and Slavery

John M. Chenoweth

University Press of Florida

Every group has standards of action which are enforced through various social mechanisms. Quakerism’s greatest punishment was “disownment” or the expelling of a member from the group, but this was the result of a sometimes long process of “treating” with errant members. While this structure was common, the particular crimes which occasioned such procedures and the way they were prosecuted were very much local. Alcohol and tobacco are frequently understood as “sinful” in historical archaeological works but chapter 6 complicates this picture, exploring the roles of these substances in the British Virgin Islands (BVI). The chapter also considers the way the “discipline” was and was not applied in the BVI, and continues to trace a series of fault lines within the BVI Quaker community arising from disagreements over priorities and perspectives. The written record is evaluated here, and it is argued that it must be seen as the product of only part of this community which is, in part, countered by archaeological evidence.

Keywords:   Discipline, Disownment, Alcohol, Tobacco, Quakerism, British Virgin Islands

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