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Detain and PunishHaitian Refugees and the Rise of the World's Largest Immigration Detention System$
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Carl Lindskoog

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400400

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400400.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Reinforcing the Detention System, 1994–2000

Reinforcing the Detention System, 1994–2000

(p.126) 6 Reinforcing the Detention System, 1994–2000
Detain and Punish

Carl Lindskoog

University Press of Florida

Haitian detention at Guantanamo Bay continued to focus attention on U.S. detention practice in 1995 as the government’s detention of hundreds of unaccompanied Haitian youth generated enormous controversy and loud calls for their freedom. Chapter 6 documents this struggle over child detention before it moves to an examination of two key pieces of legislation in 1996 that had a decisive impact on the history of immigration detention in the U.S. The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) and the Illegal Immigration and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) were measures that consummated the marriage of immigration restriction and mass incarceration, devastated immigrant communities, and led to an enormous expansion of the immigration detention system. Finally, chapter 6 illustrates what the immigration detention system had become by the late 1990s and how, despite the extraordinary power and cruelty of the system, detainees continued to exercise resistance.

Keywords:   Immigration detention, Child detention, Immigration, Guantanamo Bay, Illegal Immigration and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA), Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA), Mass incarceration

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