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Labor Politics in Latin AmericaDemocracy and Worker Organization in the Neoliberal Era$
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Paul W. Posner, Viviana Patroni, and Jean François Mayer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400455

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400455.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Introduction

Introduction

Labor Politics in Latin America

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Introduction
Source:
Labor Politics in Latin America
Author(s):

Paul W. Posner

Viviana Patroni

Jean François Mayer

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400455.003.0001

This chapter situates Labor Politics in Latin America within the existing literature on labor markets and organization, presents its goals and methodology, justifies the selection of case studies, and outlines the analytical focus of subsequent chapters and their findings. The chapter offers a summary of the book’s principal findings and theoretical contributions to the study of labor market reform within Latin America. In this regard, the study’s comparative analysis provides little support for claims regarding the purported benefits of flexibilization, particularly with respect to its promise of employment generation and the reduction of inequality. Examination of the case studies also reveals that there exist multiple ways in which labor flexibilization can be imposed. Beyond de jure reforms of collective labor rights, the analysis reveals that flexibilization has often been achieved in ways other than legal reform of the labor code, for instance through negotiations of collective agreements at the plant level. Finally, the authors find that the imposition of flexibilization, whether de facto or de jure, has had a significant impact on labor organization and party-labor ties.

Keywords:   Labor code, Inequality, Labor rights, Flexibilization, Labor market reform, Latin America

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