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Labor Politics in Latin AmericaDemocracy and Worker Organization in the Neoliberal Era$
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Paul W. Posner, Viviana Patroni, and Jean François Mayer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400455

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400455.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Uncertain Transitions

Uncertain Transitions

Labor and the Politics of Reform in Argentina

(p.102) 5 Uncertain Transitions
Labor Politics in Latin America

Viviana Patroni

University Press of Florida

The government of the party historically representing labor in Argentina, the Peronist Party, moved with unprecedented zeal in the 1990s to justify changes in labor legislation that placed the burden of adjustment squarely on workers. Moreover, changes in the labor market, both de jure and de facto, took place in a country where labor’s political and organizational strength had secured it a privileged political position. The chapter takes a historical approach to assess the position of the General Confederation of Labor (CGT), both during the process of neoliberal restructuring and labor reform in the 1990s and later, during the Peronist administrations between 2003 and 2015 that were more receptive to labor’s demands. While the CGT and its offshoots like the Argentine Workers’ Central are still forces to be reckoned with, their power was considerably reduced during the 1990s, a development that speaks to the scope of the transformation neoliberalism imposed on the CGT and its legitimacy as representative of the working class and as a key actor within Peronism itself.

Keywords:   Argentina, Peronism, Labor legislation, General Confederation of Labor (CGT), Argentine Workers’ Central, Labor reform

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