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The Archaeology of Villages in Eastern North America$
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Jennifer Birch and Victor D. Thompson

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400462

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400462.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 09 August 2020

Population Aggregation and the Emergence of Circular Villages in Southwest Virginia

Population Aggregation and the Emergence of Circular Villages in Southwest Virginia

Chapter:
(p.140) 9 Population Aggregation and the Emergence of Circular Villages in Southwest Virginia
Source:
The Archaeology of Villages in Eastern North America
Author(s):

Richard W. Jefferies

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400462.003.0009

Archaeological evidence from throughout much of eastern North America documents a transition from small, scattered settlements to nucleated, often circular, villages during the Late Woodland/Late Prehistoric period (ca. A.D. 1000-1600). In southwestern Virginia's Appalachian Highlands, this transition is marked by the appearance of large circular palisaded villages associated with what Howard MacCord called the Intermontane Culture. This paper investigates the origin, structure, and spatial distribution of Late Woodland circular villages across the southern Appalachian landscape and compares their emergence to similar trends in settlement structure and organization witnessed in other parts of the Appalachian Highlands and beyond.

Keywords:   Palisaded villages, circular villages, Late Woodland, Appalachian Highlands, Howard MacCord

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