Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
New Directions in the Search for the First Floridians$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David K. Thulman and Ervan G. Garrison

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400738

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400738.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Hunting an Underwater Mammoth

Hunting an Underwater Mammoth

A Re-evaluation of the First Submerged Prehistoric Site Excavated in the Americas

(p.79) 5 Hunting an Underwater Mammoth
New Directions in the Search for the First Floridians

James S. Dunbar

University Press of Florida

Following on the rich preceding chapter, Smith revisits the Guest Mammoth site (8MR130). In 1973, Dr. Charles Hoffman planned and executed a comprehensive and precise underwater investigation at the Guest Mammoth site, uncovering the remains of three juvenile Columbian Mammoths in direct association with six flakes, a small projectile point and micro-debitage. As Smith details, because of the then-archaeological establishment’s stance regarding the Paleoindian period and, more specifically, that period in the American Southeast, Hoffman’s results were never accepted by the scientific community. This chapter tells the story of the origination of translating geologic and archaeological techniques to underwater First Americans sites. Following a thorough reprise of Hoffman’s work, Smith details his own encounter with the Guest Mammoth site, in 2014, which entailed a year’s frustrating effort before their relocation to the 1973 excavation block. In 2015 and 2017, Smith returned to the site. He conducted his first side-scan sonar survey in 2015. In 2017, he excavated again, finding six mammoth bones associated with lithics that he included in a possible Clovis or Clovis-like point.

Keywords:   Guest Mammoth, Colombian Mammoths, Charles Hoffman, Paleoindian, Clovis, Early Archaic, Side-scan sonar, Underwater investigation, American Southeast

Florida Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .