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New Directions in the Search for the First Floridians$
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David K. Thulman and Ervan G. Garrison

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400738

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400738.001.0001

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Geoarchaeology Underwater and Its Challenges

Geoarchaeology Underwater and Its Challenges

An Example from Florida

(p.175) 10 Geoarchaeology Underwater and Its Challenges
New Directions in the Search for the First Floridians

Ervan G. Garrison

University Press of Florida

This chapter examines, in detail, the Geoarchaeological methods for both predicting and interpreting sites subjected to anthropogenic activities and taphonomic processes specific to inundated contexts. Garrison and Hale show that sediment particle-size, grain-size, and point-count studies coupled with debitage/micro-debitage analyses isolate middens deposits from those of natural origin. Chemical, faunal (primarily vertebrate), and floral proxies for anthropogenic activities were lacking, but they related the nature on inundated sites in a marine environment. The authors discuss how sea-level rise is coupled with these factors.

Keywords:   Geoarchaeology, Anthropogenic, Sediment particle size, Marine environment, Sea-level rise, Particle size analysis, Chert/debitage

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