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New Directions in the Search for the First Floridians$
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David K. Thulman and Ervan G. Garrison

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400738

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400738.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Geoarchaeology Underwater and Its Challenges

Geoarchaeology Underwater and Its Challenges

An Example from Florida

Chapter:
(p.175) 10 Geoarchaeology Underwater and Its Challenges
Source:
New Directions in the Search for the First Floridians
Author(s):

Ervan G. Garrison

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400738.003.0011

This chapter examines, in detail, the Geoarchaeological methods for both predicting and interpreting sites subjected to anthropogenic activities and taphonomic processes specific to inundated contexts. Garrison and Hale show that sediment particle-size, grain-size, and point-count studies coupled with debitage/micro-debitage analyses isolate middens deposits from those of natural origin. Chemical, faunal (primarily vertebrate), and floral proxies for anthropogenic activities were lacking, but they related the nature on inundated sites in a marine environment. The authors discuss how sea-level rise is coupled with these factors.

Keywords:   Geoarchaeology, Anthropogenic, Sediment particle size, Marine environment, Sea-level rise, Particle size analysis, Chert/debitage

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