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Cahokia in ContextHegemony and Diaspora$
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Charles H. McNutt and Ryan M. Parish

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400820

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400820.001.0001

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Possible Cahokian Contacts in Eastern and Southeastern Arkansas

Possible Cahokian Contacts in Eastern and Southeastern Arkansas

(p.185) 8 Possible Cahokian Contacts in Eastern and Southeastern Arkansas
Cahokia in Context

Marvin D. Jeter

Robert J. Scott Jr.

John H. House

University Press of Florida

Most discussions of Cahokian “contact” and “influence” in the Lower Mississippi Valley have focused on a “horizon” around 1200 AD and sites east of the Mississippi River; another site was documented recently in northeastern Louisiana. Here, we present additional westerly evidence from sites in eastern and southeastern Arkansas that have produced: Missouri Flint Clay figurines; flakes resembling Burlington and Crescent Quarry cherts; hoes, polished “hoe chips,” and other items made of Mill Creek chert; plus a few Cahokia-style chunkey stones and a Cahokia arrow point, but as yet no Cahokian ceramics. These items tend to cluster at and near three mound sites, in contexts around 1200 AD, with hints of a southward time trend. Unlike the few “elite” or sacred figurines found in mounds, most other items are utilitarian and may have been recirculated (rather than chiefly-redistributed) via “trade fairs” at mound centers, to commoners from the hinterlands.

Keywords:   Northeastern Louisiana, Missouri Flint Clay, Chunkey stones, Crescent Quarry

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