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Cahokia in ContextHegemony and Diaspora$
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Charles H. McNutt and Ryan M. Parish

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400820

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400820.001.0001

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Possible Cahokian Contacts in Eastern and Southeastern Arkansas

Possible Cahokian Contacts in Eastern and Southeastern Arkansas

Chapter:
(p.185) 8 Possible Cahokian Contacts in Eastern and Southeastern Arkansas
Source:
Cahokia in Context
Author(s):

Marvin D. Jeter

Robert J. Scott Jr.

John H. House

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400820.003.0008

Most discussions of Cahokian “contact” and “influence” in the Lower Mississippi Valley have focused on a “horizon” around 1200 AD and sites east of the Mississippi River; another site was documented recently in northeastern Louisiana. Here, we present additional westerly evidence from sites in eastern and southeastern Arkansas that have produced: Missouri Flint Clay figurines; flakes resembling Burlington and Crescent Quarry cherts; hoes, polished “hoe chips,” and other items made of Mill Creek chert; plus a few Cahokia-style chunkey stones and a Cahokia arrow point, but as yet no Cahokian ceramics. These items tend to cluster at and near three mound sites, in contexts around 1200 AD, with hints of a southward time trend. Unlike the few “elite” or sacred figurines found in mounds, most other items are utilitarian and may have been recirculated (rather than chiefly-redistributed) via “trade fairs” at mound centers, to commoners from the hinterlands.

Keywords:   Northeastern Louisiana, Missouri Flint Clay, Chunkey stones, Crescent Quarry

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