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Bioarchaeology of Frontiers and Borderlands$
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Cristina I. Tica and Debra L. Martin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400844

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400844.001.0001

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A Mass Grave outside the Walls

A Mass Grave outside the Walls

The Commingled Assemblage from Ibida

Chapter:
(p.187) 8 A Mass Grave outside the Walls
Source:
Bioarchaeology of Frontiers and Borderlands
Author(s):

Andrei Soficaru

Claudia Radu

Cristina I. Tica

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400844.003.0009

This chapter focuses on the Roman frontier province of Scythia Minor during the fourth–sixth centuries CE, in an attempt to get a glimpse of how life on the frontier might have worked. In the fourth century, Ibida, a major urban center in the northern part of Scythia Minor, was the largest settlement after the capital Tomis. A non-specific mortuary assemblage, known as feature M141, was identified in 2008 when scattered human remains were discovered during the archaeological investigation of the foundation of the walled enclosure’s tenth tower. The way these human remains were processed and treated in a mortuary context fundamentally differs from the other two burial assemblages found at the site. There is compelling evidence that the remains of these individuals were subjected to a violent, irreverent, and unceremonious treatment, instead of the prescribed funerary ceremony and interment common in Scythia Minor during the late Roman Empire.

Keywords:   Scythia Minor, Ibida, Roman frontier, Mass grave, Commingled assemblage, M141

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