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The Guerrilla Legacy of the Cuban Revolution$
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Anna Clayfield

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400899

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400899.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 03 August 2021



Looking beyond Militarism

(p.1) Introduction
The Guerrilla Legacy of the Cuban Revolution

Anna Clayfield

University Press of Florida

The introduction challenges the widely held view in Western scholarship that the supposed “militarization” of the Cuban Revolution is key to understanding its longevity. While the pervasiveness of the armed forces in revolutionary Cuba is hard to refute, this chapter argues that it is the Revolution’s guerrilla origins, rather than its “militarism,” that partly explains its survival and the political authority of its leaders. Specifically, it is the promotion of a guerrilla ethos in the Revolution’s official, hegemonic discourse that, through the creation of a new political culture since 1959, has afforded historic legitimacy to the ex-guerrilla fighters in power. This chapter explains how the author, through discourse analysis, draws on the works of Michel Foucault and Norman Fairclough to examine a range of texts that span the Revolution’s six decades in power. This analysis reveals a consistent endorsement of the values and attributes associated with the guerrilla fighter, a phenomenon introduced here as guerrillerismo.

Keywords:   Cuban Revolution, Discourse Analysis, Hegemonic discourse, Political culture, Militarism, Guerrillerismo, Guerrilla fighter, Michel Foucault, Norman Fairclough

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