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Archaeology of Domestic Landscapes of the Enslaved in the Caribbean$
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James A. Delle and Elizabeth C. Clay

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400912

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400912.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 30 October 2020

An Examination of Housing for Enslaved and Free Blacks on Sugar and Cotton Plantations on the Southeast Peninsula of St. Kitts

An Examination of Housing for Enslaved and Free Blacks on Sugar and Cotton Plantations on the Southeast Peninsula of St. Kitts

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 An Examination of Housing for Enslaved and Free Blacks on Sugar and Cotton Plantations on the Southeast Peninsula of St. Kitts
Source:
Archaeology of Domestic Landscapes of the Enslaved in the Caribbean
Author(s):

Todd M. Ahlman

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400912.003.0002

Like most of the Lesser Antilles, St. Kitts' historic economy was powered by sugar cultivation. Enslaved Africans and ultimately freedmen were the labor source in the sugar fields. Using historical evidence and archaeological data from three investigated plantation sites from St. Kitts’, the built environment of enslaved African villages and house yards is examined. At a macroscale, enslaved Africans took advantage of and manipulated the natural landscape in each slave village’s spatial arrangement. Diachronic changes and intra-village differences in housing types are explored. A close examination of one village shows how enslaved and freed Africans used the built environment to display their position within the village’s social hierarchy.

Keywords:   St. Kitts, Plantation site, Slave village, Social hierarchy, Sugar field

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