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Archaeology of Domestic Landscapes of the Enslaved in the Caribbean$
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James A. Delle and Elizabeth C. Clay

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400912

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400912.001.0001

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Building a Better Village?

Building a Better Village?

Transformations in French West Indian Slave Village Architecture from the Ancien Régime to Emancipation

(p.66) 4 Building a Better Village?
Archaeology of Domestic Landscapes of the Enslaved in the Caribbean

Kenneth G. Kelly

University Press of Florida

Archaeological work in Guadeloupe and Martinique conducted since 2001 has revealed considerable evidence of the housing used by enslaved laborers in plantation villages, both before and after emancipation. Enslaved housing is remarkably diverse in its construction, diverging from the attenuated range of styles described in historic accounts, and generally follows several trends, whether on sugar plantations, industrial sites, or elsewhere. In addition to variations in construction, the placement of villages, documented on historic maps and recovered archaeologically, has also been seen to follow certain rules, although there are exceptions. This chapter discusses the archaeological evidence for the range of architectural styles and emplacements of villages employed in the French West Indies.  

Keywords:   French West Indies, Plantation village, Enslaved housing, Guadeloupe, Martinique

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