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The Insubordination of PhotographyDocumentary Practices under Chile's Dictatorship$
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Ángeles Donoso Macaya

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781683401117

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683401117.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

Introduction

Introduction

Adjusting the Depth of Field

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
The Insubordination of Photography
Author(s):

Ángeles Donoso Macaya

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683401117.003.0001

The introduction presents the book’s primary concepts: depth of field, expanding field, photographic practices. It considers the work of critics such as Rosalind Krauss, Nelly Richard, John Tagg, Susan Sontag, and Ariella Azoulay. It begins by explaining the depth of field; then, it analyses the mechanisms devised by the military and officialist media to control the visual field and the depth of field. Two publications produced by the military after the coup (Libro Blanco, Chile Ayer Hoy) are considered. The analysis underscores the prominence photography had in the fabrication of cover-ups and in the consolidation of the military message. In the second part, the terms "expanding field" and "photographic practice" are explained and the significance of the documentary mode is emphasized. I reconsider key critical formulations that emerged in the Chilean cultural field in the mid-seventies that were inspired by the incorporation of photography into artistic practices, but that were nevertheless dismissive of documentary practices that did not emerge within the artistic field. In the last part, I introduce the organizations and the different photographic practices they devised to disseminate their denunciatory work, challenge the dictatorship, and counter the spread of cover-ups and misinformation by the military and officialist media.

Keywords:   Chilean military coup, Chilean cultural field, Officialist media, Libro Blanco, Chile Ayer Hoy, Depth of field in photography, Rosalind Krauss, Nelly Richard, Documentary photography, John Tagg, Susan Sontag, Ariella Azoulay, Visual field, Expanding field, Photographic practice, Photojournalism in Chile

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