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An Archaeology and History of a Caribbean Sugar Plantation on Antigua$
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Georgia L. Fox

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781683401285

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683401285.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

The Landscape Legacies of Sugar and Rum

The Landscape Legacies of Sugar and Rum

An Historical-Ecological Perspective from Betty’s Hope

(p.116) 8 The Landscape Legacies of Sugar and Rum
An Archaeology and History of a Caribbean Sugar Plantation on Antigua

Suzanna M. Pratt

E. Christian Wells

Anthony R. Tricarico

University Press of Florida

The environmental legacies of sugarcane cultivation at Betty’s Hope were created over a period of three hundred years and involved massive transformations to the landscape. In this chapter, erosion/productivity simulation is used to generate a baseline model of change over time and then historical records and geoarchaeological analysis of soils are used to evaluate the model. It is concluded that contemporary soil degradation at Betty’s Hope is a mosaic of effects including long-term sugarcane monocropping as well as the recent cessation of agriculture, which caused rapid destabilization of already vulnerable landscapes. Using an historical ecology framework, this research demonstrates the importance of long-term perspectives for understanding soil health.

Keywords:   environmental legacies, erosion/productivity simulation, geoarchaeological analysis, historical ecology, soil degradation, soil health, sugarcane cultivation, sugarcane monocropping, vulnerable landscapes

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