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An Archaeology and History of a Caribbean Sugar Plantation on Antigua$
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Georgia L. Fox

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781683401285

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683401285.001.0001

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Enslaved Life at Betty’s Hope

Enslaved Life at Betty’s Hope

(p.158) 10 Enslaved Life at Betty’s Hope
An Archaeology and History of a Caribbean Sugar Plantation on Antigua

Georgia L. Fox

University Press of Florida

Chapter 10 investigates the life of enslaved Africans at Betty’s Hope who numbered in the hundreds for this large plantation. Excavations of the slaved quarters in 2014 and 2015 revealed information about slave housing, subsistence, and lifeways. The archaeology and archival records support a life under difficult conditions, with few options to exercise any agency. Yet evidence of agency is manifest in the recovery of hundreds of pieces of Afro-Antiguan wares, as well as ceramic game tokens, repurposed bottle glass, a musket ball converted into a fishing weight, and four cowrie shells probably used as a form of currency or talismans. The practice of Obeah is briefly discussed as an act of cultural resistance among those enslaved at Betty’s Hope.

Keywords:   Afro-Antiguan wares, agency, Betty’s Hope, cowrie shells, cultural resistance, game tokens, slave quarters

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