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An Archaeology and History of a Caribbean Sugar Plantation on Antigua$
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Georgia L. Fox

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781683401285

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683401285.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 24 February 2021

The Restoration of the Betty’s Hope North Windmill, Antigua, West Indies

The Restoration of the Betty’s Hope North Windmill, Antigua, West Indies

Chapter:
(p.227) 14 The Restoration of the Betty’s Hope North Windmill, Antigua, West Indies
Source:
An Archaeology and History of a Caribbean Sugar Plantation on Antigua
Author(s):

Reginald Murphy

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683401285.003.0014

Chapter 14 investigates the archaeology, technology, and restoration of the Betty’s Hope north windmill. Archaeological excavations and restoration work were conducted from 1988 to 1995. Today, 90 stone towers are all that remain of the windmills scattered across Antigua’s landscape. This project initiated archaeological research at Betty’s Hope as well as cultural heritage management of the site. As one of the largest and most lucrative estates on Antigua, Betty’s Hope could afford two windmills to crush the sugar cane by harnessing wind power and utilizing the horizontal three-roller system. The mid-nineteenth century witnessed the conversion to steam-powered at Betty’s Hope. Restoration efforts included replacing parts of the original stone floor, old hard wood beams, masonry, cap house, arms, and machinery.

Keywords:   Antigua, archaeology, cultural heritage, restoration, windmills

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