The cacao tree is host to some 1500 different insect species, though, mercifully, only a tiny fraction of these cause serious damage. One such group are sap-suckers known as capsids in West Africa, specifically Sahlbergella singularis and Distantiella theobromae, and mirids in Asia (Helopeltis species), and Central and South America (Monalonion species). These tiny insects are responsible for significant losses to cacao crops, resulting from direct damage through their feeding, as well as the ravages of opportunistic fungi that invade the tree via wounds caused by the mirids. This chapter looks at the biology and ecology of these sap-sucking pests and how this knowledge helps in devising control methods.
Florida Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.